High Quality Dynamic Reflectance and Surface Reconstruction from Video
The creation of high quality animations of real-world human actors has long been a challenging problem in computer graphics. It involves the modeling of the shape of the virtual actors, creating their motion, and the reproduction of very fine dynamic details. In order to render the actor under arbitrary lighting, it is required that reflectance properties are modeled for each point on the surface. These steps, that are usually performed manually by professional modelers, are time consuming and cumbersome.<br> In this thesis, we show that algorithmic solutions for some of the problems that arise in the creation of high quality animation of real-world people are possible using multi-view video data. First, we present a novel spatio-temporal approach to create a personalized avatar from multi-view video data of a moving person. Thereafter, we propose two enhancements to a method that captures human shape, motion and reflectance properties of a moving human using eight multi-view video streams. Afterwards we extend this work, and in order to add very fine dynamic details to the geometric models, such as wrinkles and folds in the clothing, we make use of the multi-view video recordings and present a statistical method that can passively capture the fine-grain details of time-varying scene geometry. Finally, in order to reconstruct structured shape and animation of the subject from video, we present a dense 3D correspondence finding method that enables spatiotemporally coherent reconstruction of surface animations directly from multi-view video data.<br>These algorithmic solutions can be combined to constitute a complete animation pipeline for acquisition, reconstruction and rendering of high quality virtual actors from multi-view video data. They can also be used individually in a system that requires the solution of a specific algorithmic sub-problem. The results demonstrate that using multi-view video data it is possible to find the model description that enables realistic appearance of animated virtual actors under different lighting conditions and exhibits high quality dynamic details in the geometry.