SlowDeepFood: a Food Computing Framework for Regional Gastronomy

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The Eurographics Association
Food computing recently emerged as a stand-alone research field, in which artificial intelligence, deep learning, and data science methodologies are applied to the various stages of food production pipelines. Food computing may help end-users in maintaining healthy and nutritious diets by alerting of high caloric dishes and/or dishes containing allergens. A backbone for such applications, and a major challenge, is the automated recognition of food by means of computer vision. It is therefore no surprise that researchers have compiled various food data sets and paired them with well-performing deep learning architecture to perform said automatic classification. However, local cuisines are tied to specific geographic origins and are woefully underrepresented in most existing data sets. This leads to a clear gap when it comes to food computing on regional and traditional dishes. While one might argue that standardized data sets of world cuisine cover the majority of applications, such a stance would neglect systematic biases in data collection. It would also be at odds with recent initiatives such as SlowFood, seeking to support local food traditions and to preserve local contributions to the global variation of food items. To help preserve such local influences, we thus present a full end-to-end food computing network that is able to: (i) create custom image data sets semi-automatically that represent traditional dishes; (ii) train custom classification models based on the EfficientNet family using transfer learning; (iii) deploy the resulting models in mobile applications for real-time inference of food images acquired through smart phone cameras. We not only assess the performance of the proposed deep learning architecture on standard food data sets (e.g., our model achieves 91:91% accuracy on ETH’'s Food-101), but also demonstrate the performance of our models on our own, custom data sets comprising local cuisine, such as the Pizza-Styles data set and GCC-30. The former comprises 14 categories of pizza styles, whereas the latter contains 30 Middle Eastern dishes from the Gulf Cooperation Council members.

, booktitle = {
Smart Tools and Apps for Graphics - Eurographics Italian Chapter Conference
}, editor = {
Frosini, Patrizio and Giorgi, Daniela and Melzi, Simone and Rodolà, Emanuele
}, title = {{
SlowDeepFood: a Food Computing Framework for Regional Gastronomy
}}, author = {
Gilal, Nauman Ullah
Al-Thelaya, Khaled
Schneider, Jens
She, James
Agus, Marco
}, year = {
}, publisher = {
The Eurographics Association
}, ISSN = {
}, ISBN = {
}, DOI = {
} }