Rate-distortion Optimized Compression of Motion Capture Data

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The Eurographics Association and John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
Lossy compression of motion capture data can alleviate the problems of efficient storage and transmission by exploiting the redundancy and the superfluous precision of the data. When considering the acceptable amount of distortion, perceptual issues have to be taken into account. Current state of the art methods reduce the data rate required for high quality storage of motion capture data using various techniques. Most of them, however, do not use the common tools of general data compression, such as the method of Lagrange multipliers, and thus they obtain sub-optimal results, making it difficult to do a fair comparison of their performance. In this paper, we present a general preprocessing step based on Lagrange multipliers, which allows to rigorously adjust the precision in each of the degrees of freedom of the input data according to the amount of influence the given degree of freedom has on the overall distortion. We then present a simple compression method based on Principal Component Analysis, which in combination with the proposed preprocessing achieves significantly better results than current state of the art methods. It allows optimization with respect to various distortion metrics, and we discuss the choice of the metric in two common but distinct scenarios, proposing a perceptually oriented comparison metric based on the relation of the problem at hand to the problem of compression of dynamic meshes.

, journal = {Computer Graphics Forum}, title = {{
Rate-distortion Optimized Compression of Motion Capture Data
}}, author = {
Vasa, Libor
Brunnett, Guido
}, year = {
}, publisher = {
The Eurographics Association and John Wiley and Sons Ltd.
}, ISSN = {
}, DOI = {
} }