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dc.contributor.authorKim, Theodoreen_US
dc.contributor.editorBender, Jan and Popa, Tiberiuen_US
dc.description.abstractThe Baraff-Witkin [BW98] model has been a popular formulation for cloth for 20 years. However, its relationship to the finite element method (FEM) has always been unclear, because the model resists being written as an isotropic, hyperelastic strain energy. In this paper, we show that this is because the Baraff-Witkin model is actually a coupled anisotropic strain energy. We show that its stretching term approximates the isotropic As-Rigid-As-Possible (ARAP) energy, and its shearing term is a crossfiber coupling energy common in biomechanics. While it has been known empirically for some time that the model can produce indefinite force Jacobians, the conditions under which they occur has never been clear. Our formulation enables a complete eigenanalysis that precisely characterizes exactly when indefiniteness occurs, and leads to fast, analytic, semi-positive-definite projection methods. Finally, our analysis suggests a generalized Baraff-Witkin energy with non-orthogonal warp and weft directions.en_US
dc.publisherThe Eurographics Association and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.en_US
dc.titleA Finite Element Formulation of Baraff-Witkin Clothen_US
dc.description.seriesinformationComputer Graphics Forum
dc.description.sectionheadersCloth and Deformable Solids

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  • 39-Issue 8
    ACM SIGGRAPH / Eurographics Symposium on Computer Animation 2020

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