T. Larsson, T. Akenine-Möller
We introduce a bounding volume hierarchy based on the Slab Cut Ball. This novel type of enclosing shape provides an attractive balance between tightness of fit, cost of overlap testing, and memory requirement. The hierarchy construction algorithm includes a new method for the construction of tight bounding volumes in worst case O(n) time, which means our tree data structure is constructed in O(n log n) time using traditional top-down building methods. A fast overlap test method between two slab cut balls is also proposed, requiring as few as 28–99 arithmetic operations, including the transformation cost. Practical collision detection experiments confirm that our tree data structure is amenable for high performance collision queries. In all the tested benchmarks, our bounding volume hierarchy consistently gives performance improvements over the sphere tree, and it is also faster than the OBB tree in five out of six scenes. In particular, our method is asymptotically faster than the sphere tree, and it also outperforms the OBB tree, in close proximity situations.
bounding volumes, hierarchical data structures, collision detection, rigid body simulation, animation
I.3.5 [Computer Graphics] Computational Geometry and Object Modeling, I.3.7 [Computer Graphics]: Three-Dimensional Graphics and Realism